Parts of Speech Types & Examples

What is a Parts of Speech?

The parts of speech in English language determine the various functions of different words used in a sentence.

The function of the word differs depending on the place in the sentence.

8 parts of speech

There are eight parts of speech in the English language.

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Verb
  4. Adjective
  5. Adverb
  6. Conjunction
  7. Preposition
  8. Interjection

1. Noun

The noun is the first part of speech that recognizes a person, thing, place, or idea.
In an English sentence, a noun is also called a subject.

examples; Robert, Men, Basketball, Computer, Dog, Paris, Asia, etc.

Examples of Noun are in sentences

  • Robert is a kind person.
  • I play basketball every Sunday.
  • The next Monday is a public holiday.
  • My father works in a school as a teacher.

Learn more: examples of noun

In the above sentences, the words are underlined are the name of a specific person, thing, or idea. Such words are known as nouns.

The noun is divided into five types to learn different types of nouns.
Learn: Types of noun

2. Pronoun

A pronoun is just a replacement or a substitute for the noun in a sentence. It can be a personal pronoun, dependent pronoun, relative pronoun, or reflexive pronoun. 

examples; he, she, it, they, you, etc.

Examples of pronoun are in sentences

  • They both are good basketball players.
  • You have to come to my birthday party.
  • She is writing a letter to her mother.
  • He has beaten chess easily.

Learn more: examples of pronoun

3. Verb

A verb is a part of speech used in a sentence to express any action and existing reality.
The verb is classified into two parts, One is the main verb, and the other is a helping (auxiliary) verb.
Verbs can be changed accordingly by the tense of the sentence.

pronounhelping verbmain verbnoun
Hehas playedbasketball
They arewatchingmovie

Examples of verb are in sentences

  • He is begging to save her mother’s life in front of the doctor.
    Here, “begging” is the main verb that represents action, and “is” is the helping verb.
  • Michael is writing a novel about wildlife heritage.
  • She is smiling in front of the audience.

Learn more: examples of verb

4. Adjective

An adjective is a part of speech, used in a sentence that describes more about a noun or a pronoun. To identify any individual person or a particular object.

Some articles like (a, an, the)are also called as adjectives.

It may be present single or multiple in a sentence that presents before a noun or a pronoun.

Examples of adjective are in sentences

  • The dolphin is a very intelligent fish than all fishes.
  • Diamond is the hardest material.
  • The gorgeous lady coming towards us.
  • Seedan is one of the bravest men in his battalion.

Learn more: examples of adjective

5. Adverb

An adverb expresses more about a verb, adjective, or another adverb in a sentence. Certainly, adverb ends by -ly.

Examples of adverb are in sentences

  • Tortoise walks very slowly.
  • John finishes his homework quickly.
  • She speaks sweetly with the dignitaries.
  • The maths teacher fastly completes the syllabus

Learn more: examples of adverb

6. Conjunction

A conjunction is a part of speech used to connect two or more than two different words, sentences, phrases, clauses. It also shows the connection between those two sentences, which are related to each other.

example; and, or, not, but, so, for, while, because, etc.

Also, conjunction can be used as a correlative conjunction by including two conjunctions together.

example; not only.. but also, either… or, neither.. or, etc.

Examples of conjunction are in sentences

  • Robin and Jenny are both good at trekking. 
  • Their parents may be decided to go out for lunch or dinner.
  • He is not only good at singing but also good at acting.

Learn more: examples of conjunction

7. Preposition

A preposition is a word that represents the relationship between the noun and the rest part in a sentence and always comes before the noun or a pronoun to complete.

To combine a noun or a pronoun with a group of words to complete a sentence or a phrase iscalled a preposition.

example; until, of, in, at, under, about, etc.

Examples of preposition are in sentences

  • The books are stored in the bookshelf.
  • We are about to reach our destination.
  • The battle will continues until one dies.
  • Your coffee is at the table.

Learn more: examples of preposition

8. Interjection

An interjection is a word used in a sentence to express a strong feeling, emotion, or excitement. 

Sometimes a noun or an adjective can also function as an interjection. It does not show any relation with the rest of the sentence.

example; Alas!, Hurrah!, Great!, Damn!, Oh!, Congratulations!, etc.

Examples of Interjection are in sentences

  • Hoorah! We won the match.
  • Congratulations! You have a baby girl.
  • Oh! We lost him.
  • Yeah! I got her number.

Learn more: examples of interjection