Internal Body Organs Parts Names of Human Body

Are you looking for internal body organs parts name with picture in English? See Here, In this post, we will cover the internal parts and organs of the human body with a list of internal body parts names and their detailed information that helps you understand better.

Internal Body Parts

The Human body is made up of various essential secrets and special organs to make a human body. Although, there are many internal body parts in a human body mainly responsible for performing functions and also doing some work. 

The human body performs several working systems for which some of the organs of the body function together and coordinate each other. Out of all organs and body parts of a body, there are five major or vital parts of the body as heart, brain, liver, kidneys, and lungs, respectively. 

A human body is made up of an uncountable number (more than a trillion) of cells that together form tissues and then organs for fundamental life. If any organ or body part fails or stops functioning normally only for certain seconds, it results in instant death, sometimes without any medical treatment. 

That’s why the doctors have suggested that we all take proper care of our body and organs to perform a function well and continuously.

List of Internal Body Parts Name

  1. Brain
  2. Bone Marrow
  3. Heart
  4. Pancreas
  5. Kidneys
  6. Liver
  7. Lungs
  8. Ovaries
  9. Thymus Gland
  10. Thyroid
  11. Tongue
  12. Diaphragm
  13. Bronchi
  14. Pituitary Gland
  15. Gallbladder
  16. Parathyroid Glands
  17. Penis
  18. Ligaments
  19. Lymph Nodes
  20. Lymphatic vessel
  21. Mouth
  22. Nerves
  23. Vagina
  24. Esophagus
  25. Stomach
  26. Appendix
  27. Arteries
  28. Bladder
  29. Bones
  30. Mammary Glands
  31. Mesentery
  32. Nasal Cavity
  33. Uterus
  34. Tonsils
  35. Trachea
  36. Teeth
  37. Testes
  38. Rectum
  39. Salivary Glands
  40. Scrotum
  41. Skeletal Muscles
  42. Eardrum
  43. Fallopian Tubes
  44. Hair follicle
  45. Larynx
  46. Pharynx
  47. Pineal Gland
  48. Placenta
  49. Intestine
  50. Spinal Cord
  51. Spleen
  52. Veins
  53. Anus
  54. Capillaries
  55. Cerebellum
  56. Adrenal Glands
  57. Cervix
  58. Clitoris
  59. Hypothalamus
  60. Joints

Details of Internal body parts of Human body

  1. Brain

The Human brain is the main part of the human body. It is also called the CPU of the body. It is the most complicated part, which is protected by a skull and with the cerebrospinal fluid. The brain and the spinal cord are called the central nervous system responsible for command, interpretation, and controlling body movements with symmetry.

  1. Heart

The human heart is of size as a human fist. It is also one of the most vital organs in the human body. Its function is to beat and pump the blood to blood vessels through pulmonary vessels throughout the lifespan of a human being until death. The normal heartbeat is around 72 times per minute and is situated in the middle (slightly left behind the breastbone) of the thoracic cavity between the lungs.

  1. Pancreas

The pancreas is also a vital part of the human body. It is a part of the body’s digestive system that is responsible for regulating and controlling blood sugar levels. Also, it produces essential hormones such as glucagon, insulin, pancreatic polypeptide and secretes some of the digestive enzymes, respectively.

  1. Kidneys

The kidneys are two in quantity in the human body and are the significant organs of the body’s excretory system. It looks like a bean shape located on either side of the backbone. Its function is to filter the excess water from the body and remove the toxins from the blood. The waste released from the kidneys is stored in the gallbladder and then released out from the body.

  1. Liver

The liver is the largest internal organ of the human body, and it weighs around 1.2 to 1.5 kg. Its appearance is like a fleshy part which is located in the upper right portion of the human body 

  1. Lungs

The pair of lungs in a human body is like an air sac used to exchange the air from the respiratory organs, and it also plays an important role in the respiratory system. It is situated in between the thoracic cavity of the chest.

  1. Gallbladder

The Gallbladder is a small pouch located below the liver, and its function is to store the bile, which is also called gall, that is produced by the liver needed for the digestion of the fats from the food.

  1. Esophagus

The esophagus is a muscular tube or pipe that carries food globules from the mouth to the stomach. 

  1. Stomach

The stomach is a storehouse of the food in the body, and it looks like a J-shaped organ that digests food from the body. It produces some of the digestive juices used to digest the food by breaking down the food particles and making it easy to pass food particles into the small intestine.

  1. Bones

Bones provide an external and supportive structure to the body. An adult human body has 206 bones. There are a lot of bones present in every part of the human body to make it strong, like arms, legs, ribs to provide a framework. It is made of many connective tissues reinforced with calcium and special bone cells.

  1. Salivary Glands

The salivary glands are situated in the mouth and secrete the saliva and keep the mouth fluids and is also an important fluid for digesting the food particles to make bolus easily and also protects the teeth.

  1. Intestine

The Intestine is also called the alimentary canal of the body in the human body’s digestive system. It has two types according to their sizes, small intestine, and large intestine, and is situated in the middle of the abdominal cavity. 

  1. Spinal Cord

The spinal cord is a long, bundled nerve and cell that connects with the human brain and makes a nervous system, and is used to transmit the command to the various body parts sent from the brain cells. 

  1. Capillaries

The human body is full of small blood capillaries that are spread and reach every human body’s cell and tissue. It is composed of tunica intima, a thin wall of squamous endothelial cells. It is responsible for blood flow reaching every part of the body.

  1. Joints

The human body is not a single rigid structure. It is an assembly of a number of bones connected by the joints to move the limbs and perform functions. It is an articulation between the bones and the body parts, which is covered with the connecting tissues and fluids which is placed to avoid the friction of the bones and work smoothly.