One of the Great freedom fighters, Mahatma Gandhi, is known for his deep patriotism. He was also known as the Father of the Nation, who was a great personality indeed. He was a man of nonviolence, and he was always against violence. He also played an important role in giving freedom to the nation along with other respected freedom fighters. Somehow, without Mahatma Gandhi Ji, there would have been a certain delay in getting Independence from the Britishers. Because of the utter pressures applied on the Britishers by our renowned freedom fighters, we got our Independence on 1947, August 15.
Mahatma Gandhi Ji was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar village in Gujarat. He was raised in a Gujarati-Hindu family, and he was a vegetarian. His father’s name was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi. He was a Dewan of Porbandar State and mother, Putlibai Karamchand Gandhi was a devout practitioner of Hinduism by whom Mahatma Gandhi was schooled about his religion. Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and later is also known as Bapuji. The United Nations had honored him with the title of Mahatma, later called Mahatma Gandhi. Rabindranath Tagore Ji was the first person who called him with his title, ‘Mahatma’ to Gandhiji, which means ’a a great soul.’ He was also known as the Father of the Nation.
In his memory, the UN has decided and announced 2nd October as ‘the International Day of Nonviolence, and some of the schools also celebrate 30th January as the Nonviolence day, because Mahatma Gandhi died on 30th January 1948. He was the first freedom fighter who started a nonviolent protest against the Britishers at that time like ‘Dandi March,’ which is also known as ‘the Salt Satyagraha Andolan,’ on 12th March 1930 from Sabarmati Ashram and reached Dandi after twenty-four days, on 6th April 1930. The liberal nationalist and the Political Guru of Mahatma Gandhi was the great Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Under his guidance, Mahatma Ji did many protests against the British government, united the People by his acts, and spread awareness of the Independence of the Nation. After his graduation, he spent 20 years of his life in South Africa as a legal consultant fighting for discrimination. He always obeys and says ‘Ahimsa Parmo Dharma.’ He was also called the Indian Martin Luther King Junior. We celebrate Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October in memory of Mahatma Gandhi.
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