7 Types of Food – Vegetables, Fruits, Cereals, Dairy, Legumes, Tubers, & Meat

Food is the basic need for all living beings who exist on earth. Food is a substance or thing used to eat or drink by living things, which has been a great source of energy and nutrition that a body requires to perform any work. Food is obtained from animals or majorly from plants origin.

What are the different types of food?

All the food that is used for eating purposes are of such types,

  1. Vegetables
  2. Fruits
  3. Cereals
  4. Tubers
  5. Legumes, seeds, nuts
  6. Dairy foods
  7. Meat, Fish, and Eggs
types of food

Vegetables

Vegetables are considered the primary source of vitamins and minerals obtained from soil that is directly provided to the human being by consuming vegetables daily. Vegetables and fruits are nothing but different parts of plants that are used to consume. It is different types of vegetables based on the parts of plants, such as root vegetables, bulb vegetables, stem, leafy vegetables, and podded vegetables. Some are fruit vegetables like tomatoes, cucumbers, they are fruits but consumed as vegetables.

  • Eggplant
  • Funnel
  • Coriander
  • Knol kohl
  • Brussels sprout
  • Mint
  • Lettuce
  • Bellpepper
  • Bitter gourd
  • Radish
  • Garlic
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Leek
  • Asparagus
  • Bok Choy
  • Kohlrabi
  • Parsnip
  • Artichoke
  • Swiss chard
  • Mushroom
  • Ash gourd
  • Olive
  • Horseradish
  • Orka (Lady’s finger)
  • Chilly
  • Celery
  • Tomato
  • Moringa
  • Spinach
  • Zucchini
  • Turnip

Fruits

Fruits and vegetables are nutrient-rich eatables. They are healthy and delicious to eat. It contains many vitamins minerals, provides energy in our body with low calories, and is rich in sugar and fibers. Fruits are subcategorized by their growing nature, such as tropical, citrus, drupes (with single hard stone), berries, pomes, and pepos.

  • Mango
  • Apple
  • Apricot
  • Banana
  • Blackberry
  • Cyannococus
  • Coconut
  • Custard apple
  • Dates
  • Fig
  • Gooseberry
  • Grape
  • Guava
  • Lemon
  • Lychee
  • Mulberry
  • Musk melon
  • Orange
  • Papaya
  • Pear
  • Pineapple
  • Pomegranate
  • Naseberry
  • Water-chestnut
  • Watermelon
  • Wood apple
  • Sugarcane

Cereals

Cereals, also called grains, are the most consumed food by human beings. It is rich in carbohydrates, is an energy source for the body. Cereals are the seeds produced by several types of grass-like rice, wheat, maize. It can be eaten by boiling or by making flour.

  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Barley
  • Sorghum
  • Pearl millet
  • Finger millet
  • Maize
  • oats

Tubers

Tubers are underground stem food. It contains most of the plant’s nutrients and starch, and low protein. Potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots, radish, beets, etc., are called tubers.

  • Potatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Carrots
  • Radish
  • Beetroots
  • Cassava
  • Onion
  • Yam
  • Daffodil
  • Lily
  • Ginger
  • Crocus
  • Gladiolus
  • Potato
  • Caladium
  • Dahlia
  • Iris
  • Canna

Legumes, seeds, nuts

Legumes, seeds, and nuts are such food grain, seeds grown agricultural for livestock, and their structures are symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria called root nodules. They contain the same proportion of nutrients as other foods have also held a good amount of proteins and iron.

Lentils, peas, green beans, soya beans, chickpeas, peanuts are legumes. Some are alfalfa, tamarind, lupins, clover, carob, mesquite, etc.

Nuts like walnuts, almonds, pistachios, pine nuts, dates, chestnuts, cashew nuts, hazelnuts, or sunflower seeds are protein-rich foods along it contains more fats to be consumed. That is why it is recommended to consume moderately. 

Legumes

  • Split pea
  • Roman bean
  • Red bean
  • Chickpea
  • Green pea
  • Mixed bean
  • Pink Pea
  • Split mung
  • Mung bean
  • Black bean
  • Kidney bean
  • Soya bean
  • Lema bean
  • Black-eyed pea
  • Red lentils bean
  • Cranberry
  • Navy bean
  • Pinto bean
  • Adzuki
  • Fava bean
  • Boston bean
  • Chilly bean 
  • Field pea
  • Small white bean
  • Alfalfa
  • Tamarind
  • Lupin
  • Clover
  • Carob
  • Mesquite

Seeds

  • Sunflower seeds
  • Rye
  • Sesame seed
  • Chia seed
  • Bread seed

Nuts

  • Peanut
  • Walnut
  • Almond
  • Pistachios
  • Pine nuts
  • Dates
  • Chestnuts
  • Cashewnuts
  • Groundnut
  • Hazelnuts

Dairy foods

Dairy foods are the products that extract from the dairy animals, such as milk, cheese, yogurt, butter, paneer, contains a rich amount of calcium that is good for the fundamental growth of bones. Though it is an animal product, it contains animal proteins, fatty acids, carbohydrates, phosphorous. 

  • Milk
  • Condensed milk
  • Curd
  • Butter
  • Cheese
  • Cream
  • Paneer
  • Yogurt
  • Whey
  • Ice-cream
  • Casein

Meat, Fish, and Eggs

Meats, fish, eggs, and other animal products contain high amounts of proteins, fats, and iron. Meats are animal flesh that is used for eating purposes. Meats of animals such as chicken, pigs, sheep, goats, and cattle.

In todays’ generation, humans eat meats of chicken, goat, mutton, and beef and meats of camel, dog, cat, turtle, crocodile, dolphin, ostrich, deer, duck, water buffalo, snake, frog, monkey, etc.

Also, A human consumes eggs of different species like birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish for the past thousand years.

Mostly, eggs of chicken, ducks, quail, roe, and caviar are consumed.

  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Steak
  • Kabab
  • Goat
  • Pig
  • Pork
  • Lamb
  • Turkey
  • Duck
  • Emu
  • Goose
  • Bush birds
  • Kangaroo
  • Fish
  • Prawns
  • Crab
  • Lobster
  • Oyster
  • Clams
  • Chicken eggs
  • Duck eggs