Our Solar system is the science of planets and their cycles. We can say that all the celestial bodies in our solar system that revolve around the Sun are planets, stars, comets, or meteorites, all of them are called the Solar System. Many of the small and big celestial bodies revolve in our solar system, out of which the planets have been known by scientists and through the study of astrology.
The Sun is not a planet, it is the largest star in the Solar System. There is a tremendous gravitational force in the Sun, and with the help of this, other celestial bodies are all bound to the Sun. A celestial body means a celestial object that is found in space, which was not created by any man. They are a self-made body that rotates around their own pole and revolves around the Sun. All these celestial bodies revolve around the Sun in their poles so that they do not collide with anyone.
We will read about all these in detail below, such as the distance of all these planets from the Sun, temperature, area, mass, structures, speed, etc. We will get more information about these planets.
All 8 Planets Name in English
Details of the Planets Name in our Solar System
- Planet Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun in our Solar system. Its size is also the smallest among all other planets.
- We can see this planet from Earth with binoculars in the morning and evening times as the intensity of the sun is low these times.
- Life is impossible in Mercury because of the absence of air.
- This planet’s maximum and minimum temperature is 430°C (midday) and -180°C (midnight), respectively.
- The distance from Mercury to the Sun is 57.91 million Km, and it takes only 88 days to complete one revolution around the Sun.
- There are no satellites on Planet Mercury.
- Elements like Sulphur and Chlorine are found in large quantities on this planet.
- The abundance of iron is found on this planet because of its rocky surface, and due to this, its color is also dark brown.
- Planet Venus is the second closest planet to the Sun and the closest planet to Earth among all the planets in the Solar System.
- It is also called the Sister of Planet Earth because of its similarities like atmospheric presence, features, weight, size, etc.
- This planet is called the morning and evening stars due to its brightness of this planet. It is also the second brightest object in the night after the Moon.
- Venus is considered to be the hottest planet in the Solar System. People consider Mercury to be the hottest planet because it is near the Sun, but this is not true. The night and day temperatures on this planet are almost the same, which is 475 °C.
- One day on Planet Venus is about 243 Earth days and takes only 225 days to make one complete orbit around the Sun.
- This planet also does not have any satellites.
- It rotates in the opposite direction from the direction of rotation of other planets – from east to west, and the distance from the Sun is estimated to be 108.2 million Km.
- Earth is the only planet in the solar system where life exists.
- Earth comes in third place among the planets through the distance from the Sun, which is also called the blue planet, as the surface is mostly filled with water.
- It is the fifth-largest planet in our Solar System, and this planet has a satellite named Moon, which was the brightest object at night in our solar system.
- The shape of the earth is like a Geoid. Like other planets, Earth also revolves around the Sun in its own orbit, which takes 365 days (1 year) to make one revolution of the Sun and 24 hours to make one rotation on its own axis.
- Earth’s polar axis diameter is 12713.6 Km, and its equatorial diameter is 12756 Km.
- The distance between Earth and the Sun is around 148.76 million Km, whereas the Moon is nearly 3,84,400 km away from this planet.
- It takes only 8 minutes and 18 seconds for the sun ray to reach the earth.
- Earth’s surface is 71% hydrosphere (water) and 29% lithosphere (land), where humans, animals, birds, and other land creatures live and the water creatures live in water.
- The rotation of the earth causes day and night and the revolution around the sun causes the change of seasons because the pole in which the Earth revolves around the Sun is elliptical in size due to which the distance between the Sun and the Earth keeps on changing, and the minimum distance is called Perihelion, and the maximum distance is called Aphelion.
- This planet is covered with a protective Ozone layer that protects the Earth’s atmosphere from the UV rays of the Sun.
- Mars is the fourth planet in the solar system according to the distance of the planets from the Sun.
- Mars is the second smallest planet in the Solar System after Planet Mercury.
- Mars is also called the Red Planet because its surface looks like rusted iron, and this planet’s atmosphere is very viral. This planet’s surface is dry and dusty like a desert, due to which dust storms run on this planet, sometimes it is so huge that it lasts for months.
- The average distance of this planet from the Sun is 227.9 million km.
- Humans can even see Mars with their ordinary eyes during the nighttime.
- Due to the tilt of the axis of Mars, like the Earth’s axis, the seasons change here.
- One day on Mars is approx 24 hours as on Earth, and one year is about 687 earth days.
- It has two natural satellites, named Phobos and Deimos. The Deimos satellite is the smallest satellite in the solar system.
- There is a mountain on Mars named Nix Olympia, whose height is three times more than Earth’s Mount Everest (Mt. Everest), and also a giant volcano on this planet named Olympus Mons.
- Jupiter is the largest planet among other planets in the Solar System, and in terms of distance from the Sun, it comes fifth, whose distance is about 746.22 million km from the Sun.
- It takes only 10 hours to complete one rotation and an estimated 11.9 Earth years (one Jovian year) to make one revolution around the Sun.
- The diameter of the planet Jupiter is 1,39,820 Km, which is 11 times more than Earth’s diameter.
- This planet has 79 named satellites, of which Ganymede is the largest satellite in the Solar System.
- Like stars, this planet also receives energy from the sun’s rays and emits twice as much energy. This planet has its own radio energy. Therefore this planet also attains the qualities of stars.
- Hydrogen and helium gas are present in the atmosphere of this planet. The atmospheric pressure of this planet is 10 million times greater than that of the Sun.
- Saturn is the sixth planet in our Solar system according to the distance of the sun and is the second-largest planet in the solar system in size, whose distance from the Sun is around 1.4805 billion Km.
- The diameter of Saturn is 1,16,480 Kms and is the visible planet in our Solar system.
- It takes only 10.7 hours to complete one rotation and an estimated 29.5 Earth years to make one revolution around the Sun.
- Saturn has about 82 satellites, out of which 53 are known satellites, and the search for the other 29 is still going on.
- Satellite Titan is the largest satellite of Saturn and the second-largest satellite in the Solar System. Nitrogen is present in the atmosphere of this satellite.
- This planet is also called a gas ball or galaxy in the Solar system because, in the middle of this planet, there are seven developed spectacular rings like a circle, which revolve around this planet due to gravity.
- The surface of this planet is not solid like Earth or other planets but is of gasses like Hydrogen and Helium.
- Uranus comes in seventh place in the distance from the Sun in the Solar system, which is at a distance of 2.9491 billion Km from the Sun.
- Like the rings of the planet Saturn, Uranus also has five rings, whose names are- Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon.
- The diameter of the planet Uranus is 50,724 km which is the third-largest planet in diameter.
- This planet takes about 17 hours to rotate in its axis (one Uranian day)and 84 Earth years (one Uranian year) to complete an orbit of the Sun.
- Planet Uranus has 27 known satellites, and all satellites of this planet revolve in the opposite direction of the earth.
- This planet appears blue in appearance because Methane gas is present in large quantities on this planet as the atmosphere of this planet consists of gasses like Hydrogen, Helium, Methane, and Ammonia.
- The Neptune planet comes eight in the distance from the Sun in the Solar System, which is 4.4747 billion Kms.
- It takes around 16 hours (one Neptunian day) to complete one rotation and 165 Earth years (one Neptunian year) to complete one orbit around the sun.
- It looks like giant ice, and the atmosphere is gaseous as it contains 80% Hydrogen, 19% Helium, and 1% amount of water and methane.
- It has 14 satellites, of which Triton and Proteus are the main ones.