Vegetable Names: List of a vegetable name in English with Picture

A complete list of all vegetable’s names in American English with pictures. Vegetables are the part of the plant which is consumed by human beings and animals as food. The product that is produced by the plants in the form of vegetables includes various portions of plants such as leaves, roots, stems, flowers, fruits, seeds, etc.

These are such parts of plants that are used to eat freshly or may be used in many ways. As we all know that every living being needs food for its survival. 

vegetables name

The process of growing and cultivation of vegetables had started in the ancient ages. There are some characteristics of vegetables which are used for cooking food and the rest of the vegetables can also be eaten as fruit. Vegetables contain starch, carbohydrates, calories, vitamins, and minerals like iron, calcium which are necessary for the nutrition of the body.

Fresh vegetables contain fewer calories and plenty of water.

List of Vegetables Name

  1. Potato
  2. Tomato
  3. Brinjal
  4. Cabbage
  5. Radish
  6. Onion
  7. Garlic
  8. Lady’s finger
  9. Cauliflower
  10. Pumpkin
  11. Carrot
  12. Ginger
  13. Chilli
  14. Capsicum
  15. Spinach
  16. Cucumber
  17. Jackfruit
  18. Mushroom
  19. Sweet Potato
  20. Beetroot
  21. Broccoli
  22. Asparagus
  23. Corn
  24. Chili
  25. Basil
  26. Coriander
  27. Green bean
  28. Chickpea
  29. Lentil
  30. Peas

Vegetables Name in English with Pictures

The scientific name for potato is Solanum Tuberosum, a starchy edible tuber. Potato is one of the main food crops in the world. They are frequently served whole or mashed as a cooked vegetable.

potato vegetable

Tomato is a red, edible fruit cum vegetable that is known for its nutritional purpose. Solanum Lycopersicum is a scientific name and is a flowering plant. It contains a lot of vitamins and phytochemical lycopene.

tomato vegetable

Brinjal is an eggplant, a plant species in the nightshade family, Solanaceae, with a scientific name, Solanum melongena.

brinjal vegetable

The cabbage, a green leafy vegetable full of leaves covered on it, looks like ahead, and it is closely related to broccoli and cauliflowers.

cabbage vegetable

A radish, from the family Brassicaceae, is an edible root vegetable, which can easily be grown and consumed all over the world. It is mostly used for making salads, having numerous varieties of size, color, flavor, and producing time. This is good for health, and it contains many types of proteins, vitamins, minerals, which are very useful to our body.

radish vegetable

The onion is a vegetable, also known as the bulb onion, that comes from the species Allium. This vegetable is closed with garlic, leek, scallion, etc.

onion vegetable

Garlic, a species of Allium, is a relative of the onion. It is a herb-type plant and a useful vegetable produced under the ground.

garlic vegetable

Lady’s finger
Ladyfinger, also called okra or okra, having the scientific name Abelmoschus esculentus. This green vegetable is of the valued edible seed pods.

lady's finger vegetable

Cauliflower is a white vegetable that comes from the species Brassica oleracea from the Brassicaceae family. This vegetable has a tendency to grow in all seasons, especially in the winter seasons.

culiflower vegetables name

A pumpkin is a winter squash vegetable that looks like a round, big, little ribbed skin, and orange from inside. The outer shell is thick and contains seeds and pulp.

pumpkin vegetable

A carrot is a root vegetable, grows under the ground having several colors like red, orange, white, purple. This vegetable is good for health and contains vital nutrients, minerals, vitamins, etc.

carrot vegetable

Ginger is a root vegetable that grows under the ground, and it is a flowering plant and also a medicinal plant. This vegetable is useful for curing throat problems.

ginger vegetable

The chili pepper has the scientific name capsicum from the Solanaceae family. It is used to make many cuisines as it adds some spice and is of red and green colors.

chilli vegetable

The capsicum is also a type of chili vegetable, belonging to the family Solanaceae. It is a flowering plant, and it is also added to various cuisines to make the spice. It has some colors, like red, green, etc.

capsicum vegetables name

Spinach is a green leafy vegetable and a flowering plant. It is a high fibrous vegetable that can be eaten fresh or consumed after storage under preservation techniques. This helps to nurture the body with its vitamins and nutrients.

spinach vegetable

Cucumber is a creeping vine plant from the Cucurbitaceae gourd family. The cucumiform fruits can also be consumed as a vegetable has a lot of varieties like pickling, slicing, seedless. It has green, light green, yellow colors.

cucumber vegetables names

The jackfruit grows on a jack tree, a species of tree in a fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family.
It has a spike-like outer shell and presents in green, brown, yellow colors. Mostly found in the southern Indian region and rainforest of Malaysia.


A mushroom is also called toadstool, a fleshy and spore-bearing fruit body of a fungus, produced above the ground, on the soil, and on its food source. Scientifically it is called Agaricus bisporus and is good for health.

mashroom vegetable

Sweet Potato
The sweet potato is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae. This root vegetable is full of starch, sweet-tasting, and tuberous roots that help to gain starch for energy in the body. It is available in yellow, red, orange varieties depending on the soil and its minerals content. This somehow differs from the common potato.

sweet potato

The beetroot vegetable is a taproot portion of the beet plant. It is good for the improvement of blood formation in the body and is red beet, dinner beet, golden beet, garden beet, table beet, etc.

beetroot vegetable

A broccoli vegetable comes in the cabbage family, which has a large flowering head and small leaves with stalks, which are also edible. This word comes from the Italian word broccoli, which means the flowering crest of cabbage.

broccoli vegetables name

An Asparagus is a vegetable with the scientific name Asparagus officinalis, a herbaceous perennial flowering plant.

asparagus vegetable

Maize, also called corn, is a cereal grain fruit that has a leafy stalk plant that produces pollen inflorescences that yield seeds or kernels.

corn vegetable

Basils, also called great basil, are a herb from the family Lamiaceae. Basil is a tender plant that is used as a cuisine all over the world. It tastes like anise, a strong, pungent sweet smell too.

basil vegetable

Coriander is also known as cilantro, which is an annual herb from the Apiaceae family. The entire plant is edible and good in taste, and the seed is used for cooking after dry.

coriander vegetable

Green bean
Green beans are also called grapes. It is the immature, fresh fruit common beans. The immature beans or pods have green in color, and after the beans have ripened, they turn into a yellowish color.

green bean vegetable

Chickpea is a bean in a family of Fabaceae, is an annual plant/herb. Its different types are gram, Bengal gram, Egyptian pea, etc. It is rich in protein and good to consume in the morning.

chickpea vegetable

The lentil is an edible vegetable, an annual plant having lens-shaped seeds. This plant is tall, around 40 cm; the seeds are like pods having two seeds in a single pod.

lentil vegetable

Peas are green in color, and pod-like fruit grows in the plant. The scientific name for this fruit is Pisum sativum. Each pea contains some peas which are green or yellow in color. This pea grows from the ovary of the flower. It is good in taste and s]also rich in proteins.

peas vegetable

Different Types of Vegetables

  1. Leafy Vegetables
  2. Marrow 
  3. Root Vegetables
  4. Allium 
  5. Peas & Beans

Types of Vegetables with Examples

  • Leafy Vegetables: Spinach, Cabbage, Coriander, Basil, Romaine
  • Marrow: cucumber, pumpkin, and zucchini.
  • Root Vegetables: Potato, Sweet Potato, Radish, Carrot
  • Allium: Onion, Garlic
  • Peas & Beans: chickpea, lentil, Green beans

Green Vegetables name

  1. Lady’s Finger
  2. Basil
  3. Coriander
  4. Capsicum
  5. Spinach
  6. Peas
  7. Beans
  8. Broccoli
  9. Mint
  10. Cucumber