A complete list of all vegetables name in English with pictures. Vegetables are part of the plant which is consumed by human beings and animals as food. The product that is produced by the plants in the form of vegetables includes various portions of plants such as leaves, roots, stems, flowers, fruits, seeds, etc.
These are such parts of plants that are used to eat freshly or may be used in many ways. As we all know that every living being needs food for its survival.
The process of growing and cultivating vegetables started in the ancient ages. There are some characteristics of vegetables that are used for cooking food and the rest of the vegetables can also be eaten as fruit. Vegetables contain starch, carbohydrates, calories, vitamins, and minerals like iron, and calcium which are necessary for the nutrition of the body.
Fresh vegetables contain fewer calories and plenty of water.
List of All Vegetables Name in English
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List of Vegetables Name in English with Pictures
The scientific name for potato is Solanum Tuberosum, a starchy edible tuber. Potato is one of the main food crops in the world. They are frequently served whole or mashed as a cooked vegetable.
Tomato is a red, edible fruit cum vegetable that is known for its nutritional purpose. Solanum Lycopersicum is a scientific name and is a flowering plant. It contains a lot of vitamins and phytochemical lycopene.
Brinjal is an eggplant, a plant species in the nightshade family, Solanaceae, with a scientific name, Solanum melongena.
The cabbage, a green leafy vegetable full of leaves covered it, looks ahead, and it is closely related to broccoli and cauliflowers.
A radish, from the family Brassicaceae, is an edible root vegetable, which can easily be grown and consumed all over the world. It is mostly used for making salads, having numerous varieties of size, color, flavor, and producing time. This is good for health, and it contains many types of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, which are very useful to our bodies.
The onion is a vegetable, also known as the bulb onion, that comes from the species Allium. This vegetable is closed with garlic, leek, scallion, etc.
Garlic, a species of Allium, is a relative of the onion. It is a herb-type plant and a useful vegetable produced under the ground.
Ladyfinger, also called okra or okra, has the scientific name Abelmoschus esculentus. This green vegetable is of the valued edible seed pods.
Cauliflower is a white vegetable that comes from the species Brassica oleracea from the Brassicaceae family. This vegetable has a tendency to grow in all seasons, especially in the winter seasons.
A pumpkin is a winter squash vegetable that looks like a round, big, little ribbed skin, and is orange from the inside. The outer shell is thick and contains seeds and pulp.
A carrot is a root vegetable, that grows under the ground having several colors like red, orange, white, and purple. This vegetable is good for health and contains vital nutrients, minerals, vitamins, etc.
Ginger is a root vegetable that grows under the ground, and it is a flowering plant and also a medicinal plant. This vegetable is useful for curing throat problems.
The chili pepper has the scientific name capsicum from the Solanaceae family. It is used to make many cuisines as it adds some spice and is of red and green colors.
The capsicum is also a type of chili vegetable, belonging to the family Solanaceae. It is a flowering plant, and it is also added to various cuisines to make spice. It has some colors, like red, green, etc.
Spinach is a green leafy vegetable and a flowering plant. It is a high-fibrous vegetable that can be eaten fresh or consumed after storage under preservation techniques. This helps to nurture the body with its vitamins and nutrients.
Cucumber is a creeping vine plant from the Cucurbitaceae gourd family. Cucumiform fruits can also be consumed as a vegetable has a lot of varieties like pickling, slicing, and seedless. It has green, light green, and yellow colors.
The jackfruit grows on a jack tree, a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family.
It has a spike-like outer shell and presents in green, brown, and yellow colors. Mostly found in the southern Indian region and rainforest of Malaysia.
mushroom is also called toadstool, a fleshy and spore-bearing fruit body of a fungus, produced above the ground, on the soil, and on its food source. Scientifically it is called Agaricus bisporus and is good for health.
The sweet potato is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae. This root vegetable is full of starch, sweet-tasting, and tuberous roots that help to gain starch for energy in the body. It is available in yellow, red, and orange varieties depending on the soil and its mineral content. This somehow differs from the common potato.
The beetroot vegetable is a taproot portion of the beet plant. It is good for the improvement of blood formation in the body and is red beet, dinner beet, golden beet, garden beet, table beet, etc.
A broccoli vegetable comes from the cabbage family, which has a large flowering head and small leaves with stalks, which are also edible. This word comes from the Italian word broccoli, which means the flowering crest of cabbage.
An Asparagus is a vegetable with the scientific name Asparagus officinalis, a herbaceous perennial flowering plant.
Maize, also called corn, is a cereal grain fruit that has a leafy stalk plant that produces pollen inflorescences that yield seeds or kernels.
Basils, also called great basil, are a herb from the family Lamiaceae. Basil is a tender plant that is used as a cuisine all over the world. It tastes like anise, a strong, pungent sweet smell too.
Coriander is also known as cilantro, which is an annual herb from the Apiaceae family. The entire plant is edible and good in taste, and the seed is used for cooking after dry.
Green beans are also called grapes. It is the immature, fresh fruit common beans. The immature beans or pods have green in color, and after the beans have ripened, they turn a yellowish color.
Chickpea is a bean in the family of Fabaceae and is an annual plant/herb. Its different types are gram, Bengal gram, Egyptian pea, etc. It is rich in protein and good to consume in the morning.
The lentil is an edible vegetable, an annual plant having lens-shaped seeds. This plant is tall, around 40 cm; the seeds are like pods having two seeds in a single pod.
Peas are green in color, and pod-like fruit grows in the plant. The scientific name for this fruit is Pisum sativum. Each pea contains some peas which are green or yellow in color. This pea grows from the ovary of the flower. It is good in taste and s]also rich in proteins.
Different Types of Vegetables
- Leafy Vegetables
- Root Vegetables
- Peas & Beans
Types of Vegetables with Examples
- Leafy Vegetables: Spinach, Cabbage, Coriander, Basil, Romaine
- Marrow: cucumber, pumpkin, and zucchini.
- Root Vegetables: Potato, Sweet Potato, Radish, Carrot
- Allium: Onion, Garlic
- Peas & Beans: chickpea, lentil, Green beans
Green Vegetables name
- Lady’s Finger
A to Z vegetable Name in English
- Bamboo shoots
- Bean sprouts
- Bell pepper
- Brussels sprouts
- Cactus pear
- Collard greens
- Green beans
- Green onion
- Red cabbage
- Red chilly
- Red onion
- Sweet potato
- Yellow squash